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F-Scope Image Gallery


Orion Nebula by Paul BorchardtOrion Nebula
Scope: C14 w/ HyperStar f/1.9 (F-Scope), Camera: Canon T3i DSLR modified, Filters: Astronomik Clip, Ha: 5x300s, OIII: 5x300s, and Hb: 5x300s. Total: 1.667 hrs. Process: BackyardEOS, Nebulosity, Pixinsight, and PS. Mar. 2018.
Photo by: Paul Borchardt

Rosette by Tamas KriskaNGC 2239 - Rosette Nebula
F-Scope, DSLR w/ Astronomic 12 nm clip-in Ha filter. 8 x 5 min subframes. 15 x 20 second subframes for RGB (DSLR Bayer filter). Processing: Deep Sky Stacker, PP in PS. Mar. 2018
Photo by: Tamas Kriska

M45 The Pleiades - Paul BorchardtNGC 7293 - The Helix Nebula
F-Scope, Celestron C14 w/HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR, ISO1600. Stack of 45 images, 90 seconds each. Processed in Pixinsight and combined in PS.
Jan. 2018
Photo: Paul Borchardt

The Helix - Paul BorchardtNGC 7293 - The Helix Nebula
F-Scope, Celestron C14 w/HyperStar at f/1.9, Camera: Canon T5 DLSR at ISO 1600. 45 exposures @ 1 minutes. 45 min total exp. Processing: Pixinsight and Photoshop.
Dec. 2017
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M20, Trifid Nebula - Paul BorchardtM20 - Trifid Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9, Camera: Canon T5 DLSR at ISO 1600. 20 exposures @ 3 minutes. 1 hr total exposure. Processing: Pixinsight and Photoshop..
Dec. 2017
Photo: Paul Borchardt

NGC 1499 - California Nebula - Paul BorchardtNGC 1499 - California Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. Two side by side frames, each set a stack of 20 3-minute exposures. Processed in Pixinsight and combined in PS.
November 2017
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M8 - The Lagoon Nebula  by Paul BorchardtM8 - The Lagoon Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. ISO 1600. 20 exps of 2 min each along w/ 20 more at 30 secs each. Processing in Nebulosity, Pixinsight, and Photomatix Pro. April 2017.
Photo: Paul Borchardt

Orion Nebula  by Paul BorchardtOrion Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. 30 subs each of 1, 5, 30, and 120 second exposers. Processed in Nebulosity, PixInsight, HDR with Photomatrix Pro.
April 2017
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M81 / 82  by Paul BorchardtM81 & M82
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. 150 min. exp, 60X150 sec. Processed in Nebulosity and Photoshop.
Apr. 2017
Photo: Paul Borchardt

Horsehead / Flame Nebula  by Jason DoyleHorsehead & Flame Nebula

F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. 
April 2017
Photo: Jason Doyle

Orion Nebula  by Tamas Kriska and Clark BrizendineM42 / M43 - Orion Nebula
F-Scope. Canon DSLR. Total exposure: 17.6 minutes. 14 60-second exposures, 9 20-second exposures, and 12 3-second exposures. Processing done in both Pixinsight and Photoshop. Jan. 2017
Data: Tamas Kriska, Processing: Clark Brizendine

M33 by Paul Borchardt and Clark BrezindineM33 - Triangulum Galaxy  
F-scope, Canon T5 DSLR and a light pollution filter. 30 exposures at 3 minutes each for a total of 1.5 hours. Processing was done with Pixinsight. 
December 2016
Data: Paul Borchardt, Processing: Clark Brizendine

NGC 283  by Paul BorchardtNGC 283
F-Scope (Celestron C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, light pollution filter.  Total exposure: 51 minutes. 51 exposures at 60 seconds each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop.
November 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

IC1795  by Paul BorchardtIC 1795 - Fish Head Nebula
F-Scope (Celestron C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, light pollution filter.  Total exposure: 60 minutes. 3 exposures at 20 minutes each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop. Oct. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

IC405 by Paul BorchardtIC 405 - Flaming Star Nebula
F-Scope (Celestron C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, light pollution filter.  Total exposure: 60 minutes. 3 exposures at 20 minutes each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop. Oct. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

Cederblad 214  by Paul BorchardtCederblad 214
F-Scope (Celestron C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, light pollution filter.  Total exposure: 93 minutes. 31 exposures at 3 minutes each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop. Oct. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M31, M32, and M110 by Paul BorchardtM31, M32, and M110   
Canon T3i DSLR with a Canon 400mm F5.6 telephoto lens piggyback on B-scope. Single frame. 18 exposures at three minutes each. 51 minutes total exposure. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing in Nebulosity and Photoshop. Oct. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M33 by Paul BorchardtM33   
F-scope, Canon T5 DSLR and a light pollution filter. 30 exposures at 3 minutes each for a total of 1.5 hours. Processing was done with Nebulosity and Photoshop. 
October 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

Elephant's Trunk Nebula by Paul BorchardtIC1396 - Elephant's Trunk Nebula
Image centered on the Elephant Trunk. F-Scope (C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, Total exposure: 1 hour. 20 exposures at 3 minutes each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop. Sep. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

Helix Nebula by Paul BorchardtHelix Nebula   
F-Scope (Celestron C14 SC with a HyperStar), Canon T5 DSLR at ISO 1600, light pollution filter.  Total exposure: 33 minutes. 11 exposures at 3 minutes each. Stacking done in Nebulosity and processing done in both Nebulosity and Photoshop. September 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

NGC6960 by Paul BorchardtNGC 6960 - Veil Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. A stack of 15 150 second exposures, (wanted to do 25 exp, but twilight had started at 3:30 so I had to stop short), shot at 1600 ISO, Pre-processed in Nebulosity and PP in both Nebulosity and PS. Jul. 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

NGC 6992 by Paul BorchardtNGC 6992 - Eastern Veil Nebula
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR at 1600 ISO. 25 exposures. Pre-processed in Nebulosity and post-processed in both Nebulosity and Photoshop.
July 2016
Photo: Paul Borchardt

M20 by Paul BorchardtM20
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. 50 min. exposure, 25X120 sec.
June 2016
Photo by: Paul Borchardt

M17  - Paul BorchardtM17
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. ISO800, 40 min. exposure, 20X120 sec.
June 2016
Photo by: Paul Borchardt

M101 and NGC5474  - Paul BorchardtM101 & NGC 5474
F-Scope, HyperStar at f/1.9 Canon T5 DSLR. 30 min. exposure, 12X150 sec.
Mar 2016
Photo by: Paul Borchardt